Largest Garbage Island, Great Pacific Garbage Patch
What's on your mind when you know that the ocean on earth is already filled with millions of tons of plastic waste, really sad isn't it! This time the rubbish that fills the ocean is enough and has become an island that threatens the life of marine organisms.
Threats faced by marine organisms can not only be consumed and poisoned but there is something worse than that, the pile of waste inhibits the penetration of sunlight and diffusion of air into the sea, creating a dead zone where primary productivity in the ocean becomes dead (phytoplankton cannot grow).
In fact, there is something worse than that, the existing plastic waste will remain plastic forever and cannot be degraded by nature. The impact is that even though plastic waste will one day become smaller pieces, it will still be plastic and can enter our bodies through the intermediaries of the marine life we consume.
Even plastic-sized plastics such as these particles will easily flow into other oceans making a concern that the entire ocean on earth will someday be contaminated with plastic evenly. Well, surely you are curious here, how sad the condition of the garbage dump in the Pacific Ocean.
Phenomenon of the accumulation of garbage
This landfill has not been cleaned and every year the numbers are increasing. Many marine organisms are known to be trapped there ranging from turtles, dolphins, and stingrays.
This landfill has been formed since 1985 and in 2019 its size has become increasingly widespread and the pollution is getting worse because more microplastics are produced making seawater pollution even more widespread due to how easily microplastic particles spread to various waters through intermediary currents. However, large-sized plastic waste will remain trapped there because of the northern Pacific Gyres (swirling ocean currents)
The Great Garbage Patch
If you look carefully, you will see 2 garbage islands formed in the Pacific Ocean. The first island is near the east coast of Japan and the second island is north of the island of Hawaii and off the west coast of America. The two islands eventually fused because of a large current vortex called the North Pacific Gyres to form a massive garbage island called the Great Garbage Patch. Here is a map of the rubbish from the Great Garbage Patch formed on the west coast of America
Over time, starting from 1985-2019 the rubbish in the ocean moves dynamically to create an area of the Pacific Great Garbage Patch covering an area of 1,600,000 km². From initially concentrated in the seas east of Japan, now migrating to the seas west of America or North Hawaii. Now the rubbish is not moving anymore and is deposited in the sea off the west of America to form massive piles of rubbish that are difficult to move. From the picture above it can be seen that the highest concentration of waste is found east of the Great Garbage Patch.
Right in 2019, the Great Garbage Patch can not be unstoppable, it spreads, even more, it can even be loaded with 3 countries in it, as in the picture above. This means that the condition of waste in the Pacific Ocean is getting more and more alarming. Then who really contributes to a large amount of waste in the Pacific Ocean? This can be determined by further studies on the origin of plastic waste as evidenced by the following study results:
Get to know the Pacific Great Garbage Patch, the Largest Garbage Island in the World It turned out that out of the total Great Garbage Patch formed, Asian countries contributed the most
Top 10 waste-producing countries in the sea
From the research conducted by Jambeck, in the journal Science, it is true that the order of the top 10 waste-producing countries in the sea is mostly from Asia. This is related to waste management that is not good so that the garbage is just thrown into the environment. Then who actually has many roles in pollution? Is it a consumer or a producer?
It turns out that plastic manufacturers are very involved in plastic pollution because not many plastic manufacturers have implemented a reduction in the production of disposable plastics, plastic recycling, and plastic replacement with environmentally friendly alternatives.
If indeed producers have become more aware and have begun to implement measures to close the circulation of plastics to the hands of consumers, not only the waters are saved but the reduction in carbon emissions from plastic production can also be reduced. 99% of the world's plastic production uses fossil fuels as its constituent, which means that it participates in polluting the air.
Get to know the Pacific Great Garbage Patch, the Largest Garbage Island in the World It turns out that not only marine animals are harmed by this phenomenon, many birds are also victims
So it turned out that it was sad to see the development of a pile of garbage in the Pacific Ocean, which is now 1,600,000 km². If in an area of 1 km² the sea is already filled with garbage starting from the concentration of 0.01-0.1 kg, 1-10 kg, 100 kg, just multiply the amount of garbage that has been buried in the Pacific Ocean. Not to mention the added plastic waste is gradually eroded into small particles called microplastic, the pollution can be more widespread and will easily enter our bodies.