Know More About Personality Disorder

Know More About Personality Disorder

Personality disorder or personality disorder is the most common disorder in the world. Why? Because basically the meaning of Personality or personality itself is the most basic thing of every person, which shapes the character, feelings, mindset, and disposition in everyday life, this disorder can attack anyone, including children. the transition from adolescence to adulthood, usually as a result of environmental factors, habits, and others. If this is left until a person reaches adulthood, then the possibility of this disorder will be difficult to overcome. Have you ever heard the word "psychopath"? Yes, a psychopath is a term for people with one of the personality disorders too. Although the word psychopath itself does not fit or is not appropriate medical language (too rude), the meaning of psychopath itself can describe the behavior of someone who suffers from an antisocial personality disorder, so that in the long term it will eliminate empathy and sympathy in the social environment, even almost not having a heart. conscience.

Personality disorders are divided into 3 groups according to the pattern of disorders experienced.

Thoughts, feelings, and behavior


This disorder causes sufferers to feel distrustful and suspicious of those around them, including their own partners. He will always think about his suspicions on those around him so that it often interferes with his personal life, as for some of the characteristics and symptoms as follows:

  1. Always suspicious or prejudiced against people around him, such as feeling talked about, rivaled, vilified, or dropped.

  2. Holding a grudge to take revenge against other people who have had problems with him, even though the problem has been resolved because he always thinks negatively about the problem.

  3. It is difficult to establish a love relationship because it is always filled with the suspicion that the partner is unfaithful.

  4. Life is not calm because you always think about things/problems that are not really important, "it's just his mind", even small problems can be made big just because of his negative thinking.

All humans have feelings of fear, suspicion, and vigilance from birth. Yes, this is the natural instinct of all living things, including animals. But what makes this basic human thought a nuisance is when a person experiences it excessively and is unable to control his feelings and thoughts, so that it has a negative impact on himself and even others. Just like the fear of something, if the fear comes in excess then it is a phobia.


Schizoid Personality Disorder has low / no social interest, tends to be cold, even withdraws from the environment. Unlike introverts, introverts themselves do not lose interest in the social environment at all. He is only comfortable with his own atmosphere, while the schizoid sufferer really does not find his happiness in a social environment, the common factor of a schizoid sufferer is childhood/adolescent trauma where he could have been exposed to violence from family, friends, etc. Characteristics of schizoid sufferers among others:

  1. Unable/difficult to make friends with other people, because he is afraid or just doesn't want to.

  2. Not sensitive to the social environment

  3. Cold, because they are difficult to express their mood, tend to like to be alone.

  4. Having a low sexual desire, sometimes they are also not interested in a status relationship with someone.

Trauma in children/adolescents who are left too long can affect the development of character, nature, and identity in that person as an adult. People with this disorder are usually afraid and don't even want to start a relationship with someone, either close friendships or even become partners. Some sufferers will usually live their own lives (not married) until the end of life. But behind their cold nature, deep down they feel a longing for the warmth of a relationship (family, friends, and partner), but all are no bigger than the fear and trauma they face.


This disorder makes the sufferer feel uncomfortable with the social environment so that it is difficult for him to make relationships and friends, coupled with an unnatural way of thinking. People with schizotypal usually have excessive thoughts about their daily events, matching everything with supernatural events despite the fact that the things they worry about are normal. People with schizotypal usually strongly believe in the occult, which he also believes that he has the ability. So sometimes this thought results in him behaving strangely. Some of the characteristics of the schizotypal disorder, including:

  1. Not comfortable interacting with other people, especially with people who don't understand themselves.

  2. Behaving strangely due to wrong thinking about events in daily life.

  3. Often expresses something in a "weird" way, so that other people find it difficult to understand, even tend to be annoying to others.

  4. Thinking too much illogically about something, so that there are often debates with other people who think more rationally.

As a result of the way he thinks that is too excessive and even tends to be abnormal, schizotypal sufferers easily experience anxiety and depression in their own thoughts. People with schizotypal are also very superstitious, so sometimes they attribute too much of every incident to the occult, despite the fact that the things they associate are not related to paranormal activity.

Dramatic, overly emotional, or unpredictable thoughts or behavior


A borderline personality disorder is a disorder that causes sufferers to experience unpredictable, unstable emotional spikes and tend to have compulsive behavior. Sufferers often feel feelings of anxiety, fear, and a sense of emptiness that continues in their lives. He often feels afraid of being left out, ostracized and usually, he feels threatened with loneliness. Some of the characteristics of people with borderline personality disorder include:

  1. Fear of being abandoned, ostracized by those closest to him, until the thought makes him lose the principle of life.

  2. Emotions are unstable, so if he feels his mood is not good, it can make his emotions explode.

  3. Feeling empty from his own behavior.

  4. Have the desire to hurt yourself, to the desire to commit suicide.

Patients with threshold disorders, usually make sufferers feel empty because of the excessive thoughts and fears they experience. Until not infrequently, he could hurt himself (cut his hand, tried to kill himself, banged his head against the wall, and others). In fact the feeling of emptiness and hopelessness comes from itself, because of the brain's inability to control its thoughts.


A narcissistic personality disorder is the most common disorder in adolescents to adults. This disorder is similar to grandiose delusions, which make sufferers feel that they are more than others, have special things, are arrogant, and always expect praise from those around them. People who suffer from narcissistic personality disorder tend to often have problems with those around them, they will find it difficult to have friends are even usually ostracized from several groups due to their overconfidence behavior. This disorder has characteristics including:

  1. Always feels superior to others, so he often recognizes himself as the leader, king, queen, prince, or head of a forum, group, etc.

  2. Always imposing personal opinions on others, because he feels he is the best and has a view that is superior to others, if his views are still not accepted, then he will look for justification on the other side.

  3. Too confident to approach the opposite sex, feeling very loved by others because of his privileges, when in reality he is not like that.

  4. It is often thought of as hallucinations or delusions, due to patterns of thought and behavior that do not correspond to reality.

  5. Attention seeker, he hopes that everything he does will get praise.

No writings, photos, or life stories. People with the narcissistic disorder usually appear because of star syndrome, he is addicted to praise and praise from others. Usually, this is experienced by public figures, but it is also possible for ordinary people to experience this, usually because they lack attention in the family. They also find it difficult to maintain a romantic relationship, because they usually always require their partner to agree with their suggestions and opinions without thinking about others. They are sometimes considered trouble makers, because of the behavior that makes them feel like influential people in a group.


The histrionic disorder makes sufferers act dramatically and tend to be provocative to get more attention from others. They also always worry about their appearance, despite the fact that they are old and they can behave and look like young people. So that he can get attention from people around him. This disorder has the following general characteristics:

  1. They don't like to be ignored by others, therefore they always create trouble, drama, or provocative acts to get other people's attention.

  2. Have a desire to entertain people their closest people despite the fact that they can make things worse because their way of entertaining is with a drama or provocative.

  3. Do everything possible to get more attention from people around, even if it's outside the prevailing social norms. He doesn't even write vulgar writings (18+), vilifies other people, and even looks for trouble with people he doesn't know. This disorder is common in adolescence and continues into adulthood. This disturbance is very disturbing to other people, in fact, usually, that person really becomes a public enemy because of this behavior. They often switch groups of friends, because not infrequently their behavior actually makes them shunned by others.


Antisocial Personality Disorder causes sufferers to often ignore prevailing social norms, they often withdraw from social life because of hatred towards others or social life. This disorder also causes sufferers to have high emotions, which can lead to unnatural actions such as the desire to injure, kill, harm other people even becomes a need to satisfy his emotions and hatred. But behind it all, they are usually very intelligent and good at imitating emotions and understanding the character of each person. Some common characteristics of antisocial disorders:

  1. Has uncontrollable emotions, so when he is in a bad mood, he can do things that harm himself or others.

  2. Lack of empathy and sympathy even conscience for others.

  3. Often lies, is manipulative to take the trust of others, and has no remorse for what he did.

  4. Doing everything to achieve what he wants, even if he has to do things that are against the law.


The severe antisocial disorder can usually be called a psychopath (although this is not the appropriate name from a medical perspective), but the stigma of a psychopath is very attached to antisocial people. Antisocial sufferers are very difficult to detect without interview and observation because at first glance they look very normal, but basically, they have a very unpredictable heart and mind. They are smart, intelligent, and very manipulative, so it is not uncommon for them to have a very good life, such as having a good home and job and even a very good appearance. They are also good at word processing, so sometimes they can manipulate expert psychiatrists if they are not supervised by several accompanying doctors.