Get to know the great Persian poets

Get to know the great Persian poets

The greatest and most influential work is the Shahnameh (book of Persian Kings) written by Abolqasem Ferdowsi between 977-1010 AD. The Shahnameh symbolizes the spirit of Persian literature, to the present day and in terms of preserving ancient stories of the past while keeping them relevant for every generation just read it.

Rudaki (859-940 AD)

Born with the full name Abu Abdollah Ja'far ibn Muhammad Rudaki, he was a poet in the court of Samanid Amir Nars II (914-943 AD). Some literature says that he is called the first poet to arrive at the palace during the reign of Nars II, although some other literature explains that he has become a respected poet under Nars II's father, Amir Ahmad Samani. Rudaki is a poet with great power who is able to express complex emotional states in simple images. He is considered the "Father of Persian Literature" who coined the concept of diwan (state administration) and contributed to literary forms of poetry which included ghazals, qasidas, and rubais.

Daqiqi (935-977 AD)

Abu Mansur Daqiqi Poet at the palace of Amir Mansur I. During the time of Daqiqi poets generally would work for a rich person or for a king, the poet would write poems that immortalized the names and deeds of the kings, then the poet would be rewarded. Daqiqi began his work by drawing on older manuscripts, it was he who had also completed 1000 verses of what would become the Shahnameh (Book of Kings2), he wrote in a very formal and consistent style.

Attar (1145-1120 AD)

Abu Hamid bin Abu Bakr Ibrahim was a pharmacist, if some poets have a patron or work for someone, but not with Attar, it seems that he writes poetry just for his pleasure, because he does not work for anyone, he also rejects the efforts of poets who receive a fee to praise the king and the bourgeoisie. In each of his poems, he chooses to focus more on things that bring his readers to understand the nature of God's existence and the individual's closeness to God.

Rumi (1207-1273 AD)

Jalaluddin Muhammad Rumi was a polyglot Islamic scholar, theologian, and jurist before meeting the Sufi mystic Shams-i Tabrizi in 1244 AD and who later became the most famous mystical poet of his time. His literary expertise and spiritual insight are so extensive that he is referred to as Mawlawi (our lord), his greatest work being Masnavi, a 6 volume poetic exploration of the relationship between the individual and God that draws on folklore, Sufi spiritualism, the Koran, legends and Muslim lore. and a number of other literary, historical, and religious sources.

Nizami (1141-1209)


Nizami Ganjavi was born in Ganja (Azerbaijan), he became an orphan at a young age and was raised by an Uncle, and at the same time encouraged him to advance in his education. Nizami's poems attest to his uncle's success in this regard as he is regarded as one of the most widely read of the highly educated Persian poets. Nizami was known as the foremost romantic poet of his age, drawing on the works of Sanai and especially Ferdowsi for his material and source of inspiration. It focuses on love for both individuals and individuals and God.