British Army opponents around the World
At the height of its glory, Britain had been the center of world civilization like Baghdad in Iraq last year or the United States today.
British Rules the World and The Sun Never Set in British Empire are the proud slogans of England in the mid-16th to 17th centuries. It is said that at that time, the territory of the British colonies stretched from Africa, Asia, Australia to America, which means that there was always territory. sun-exposed British empire.
The power of that superpower is certainly not TIN for free. Countless human and material resources must be paid to obtain such global power.
maintaining status as a global power is more than easy. The British Army was one of the most well-equipped and experienced armies in the world, its troops active from North Africa to the South Pacific. The same British Army both hierarchically and tactically militarily have to face opponents with very different characteristics, each presenting a new combination of skills, tactics, and improvements that must be overcome.
The following is a list of the various military forces that His Majesty has faced around the world:
Egyptian Nationalist Army
In 1879, the Egyptian government was highly corrupt, inefficient, and put the interests of Europeans above all else. There were even special laws that gave special protections to wealthy Europeans, particularly those from France or England who were not of indigenous origin.
The nationalists led by Colonel Ahmed 'Urabi tried to take over state power to bring about democratic reforms that would remove elite domination and foreign influence in government. France refused to intervene. On the other hand, Britain used the pretext of the deaths of 50 Europeans in a conflict as an excuse for a military invasion whose real purpose was to defend its own economic interests.
Britain must fight the forces that will be faced and be armed like European troops. But in the end, the British proved superior, defeating 'Urabi at the battle of Tel-el-Kebir and maintaining his hold on Egypt.
In the area that became the country of Ghana, the British once tried to fight the Ashanti, a local tribe that is great today but still uses primitive weapons. Britain guarded its gold both from the threat of local residents and from other European countries.
The Ashanti tribe mastered hilly terrain and forests, then used them for ambush and guerrilla strategies. Not surprisingly, in this war, the British troops often tore apart.
Ashanti's tactical weaknesses are lack of cooperation and lack of discipline. In the face of an accurate me, scattered troops are easier to find. Finally, as it became increasingly difficult to penetrate the British defenses, the tribal resistance ran aground.
It is said that the most famous opponent to face against colonial Britain was the Zulu whose soldiers were called the Impis. These local soldiers were able to run several kilometers before plunging into battle and finishing off their opponents with short spears. They are also very disciplined, able to maneuver quickly and obey orders. They bravely plunged in the middle of the waves against the enemy.
To control various areas in southern Africa, the British had to deal with the Zulu tribes. The British began sending ultimatums that sparked war and then attacked the Zulu tribes.
The Zulu had a big win at Isandlwana. In the end, despite their extraordinary tenacity and courage, the Zulu tribes armed with spears were defeated by modern weapons. At the last Battle of Ulundi, the Zulu forces suffered a heavy defeat by suffering such heavy casualties that they could no longer continue the war.
Also, note that this war taught the British not to underestimate a primitive enemy.
A similar bitter lesson had to be experienced by Britain in the New Zealand War (1845-1872). Newcomers of skin who spread throughout the New world were white arbitrarily and often interfered with the lives of local residents. This raised the spirit of local resistance, the Maoris.
The Maori method of warfare contrasts with the aggressive, dispersed, and flowing Zulu tribes, and is suitable for dealing with other African tribes. The Maori war tactic was to take a static, defensive and centered position to cripple the British troops.
Maori built forts out of the ground called pā. From the fortress
ut they held back British colonial troops and European immigrant militia forces, attacking from a better position, causing the invading troops to suffer heavy losses of life.
Although the end result was won by the white invaders, this battle turned out to be more difficult than when facing the Zulu tribe.
The Zulu, the only, indigenous tribes faced in their quest to be without South Africa. A little to the east, a little to the east, the Xhosa tribe also dared to fight disobedience and sparked a War called the ninth Xhosa War (1877-1879).
Unable to defeat the heavily armed British in open combat, the Xhosa withdrew to the Amatola Mountains. Here their war is in guerrilla warfare, taking advantage of the terrain to deal with ambushes and always building so as not to be dragged in the open. Only by building a solid fortification and defense system did the British finally end the Xhosa resistance.
Sudan presented a different challenge to Britain in the 1880s and 1890s. Under the charismatic leadership of Muhammad Ahmad who is considered the imam Mahdi, they were amazed by the militancy and high fanaticism of repelling the attackers.
This religious background caused the Sudanese attack to be more frontal than the Zulu tribes. While a bit surprising at first, they are by no means a worthy opponent for a more tactically prepared and modern army.
Having previously always faced opponents who applied war tactics, the war against the Boers was arguably a modern war where both sides applied similar strategies. The Boers, descendants of Dutch settlers, were a group that resisted British attempts to reject southern Africa and fought back.
Born sharp and intelligent, and gifted with a talent for understanding European warfare, the Boers were a completely different foe from any other foe Britain had ever faced. They are able to coordinate large armies and apply elements of guerrilla warfare adaptation in their strategy.
The Boers succeeded in defeating the British several times in both minor and major wars.