14 Beautifully Reconstructed Ancient Historical Monument Ruins
The ruins of ancient buildings are like windows for us today to peek at what human life was like in the past. Often we are amazed at the relics of the past. However, because too little is left or the effects have been too damaged, our ability to imagine what these remains would have looked like in their heyday is very limited.
So instead of just imagining, consider the following dish. A group of modern graphic artists has helped us show the monuments more realistically through digital engineering.
The following is a virtual reconstruction of 14 endangered world heritages:
Parthenon Temple (Greece)
Formerly this temple housed a monumental gold statue of the goddess Athena, the goddess who in Greek mythology is the goddess of wisdom, art, and war. The building is located on a hill on the Acropolis, Athens is very beautiful.
Had suffered damage in 1687 due to war, fortunately, the strong Dorian style architecture was able to minimize the impact of more severe damage so that most of it still stands intact. A monument that is visited by millions of tourists annually and is a Greek national identity and a world heritage at the same time.
The remains of Hadrian's Wall (UK)
Spread across the hills in the beautiful interior of England, are the remains of a fortified wall built by the Romans in the 1st century AD. The function of this building is still a debate among historians. The most popular theory is that after assuming the Roman throne in 117, the emperor Hadrian ordered the construction of this wall to secure his territory. Similar to the Great Wall of China, there are guard posts along with the fort which stretches for 73 miles.
Luxor Temple (Egypt)
Since its inception, the Luxor temple whose name comes from the Arabic term al-Uksur (fort) has been a sacred site. Started to be built since Amenhotep III in 1380 BC, the temple was renovated by Ramses II a hundred years later by adding gateposts and an open courtyard.
Formerly this temple was connected to the nearby Karnak Temple via a large road with a line of Sphinx statues along the sides that served as gatekeepers. Equipped with an epic ancient obelisk, Luxor represents the unparalleled grandeur of ancient Egyptian architecture.
Pyramid Teotihuacán (Teotihuacán)
Teotihuacán provides an early example of urban life in central Mexico that was founded between the 1st and 7th centuries. Unfortunately, very little is known about the civilizations that inhabited this complex. Due to the lack of data, after the building is finished they seem to disappear mysteriously. This spectacular giant pyramid is the largest and oldest in central Mexico.
Sacra Area in Largo Argentina (Italy)
What is shown in the photo is one of the four corners of a Roman temple. These ruins were discovered during construction work in the 1920s. Temple B is the newest of the 3 with all six columns still standing intact, as well as the steps and altar.
Visitors to this site can not only admire the beautiful archaeological remains but also be treated to views of the hundreds of cats that live here. Volunteers work together to care for, care for and clean up these cats, encouraging tourists to be cat friendly or even occasionally offering to adopt them. Here's what the temple looks like without the cat present.
Temple of Jupiter (Italy)
The temple, built to worship Jupiter, the god of lightning and the sky, was once the center of the religious life of the inhabitants of the ancient city of Pompeii on the bay of Naples. The city is reminiscent of its dangerous volcano; Vesivius. The temple site was rediscovered in the 16th century after being buried by volcanic ash from the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. Through a lengthy excavation effort, this place has invited millions of people to look back at the remnants of the life of a first-century Roman city.
Nohoch Mul Pyramid (Mexico)
Cobá is a Mayan relic that is thought to have existed between 100 BC and 100 AD but was abandoned around 1550 due to the Spanish conquest. The 137-foot-tall ruins are listed as the tallest pyramid on the Yucatan peninsula and the second-tallest Mayan pyramid in the world. Although discovered in the 1800s, this site was only opened to the public in 1973 because it was once covered in a dense forest that was difficult to reach.
Portobelo-San Lorenzo (Panama)
Portobelo-San Lorenzo in the Caribbean is an ancient fort built along Panama's Caribbean coast to protect transcontinental trade. After two centuries of existence, the building was destroyed due to climate change in the region. Fort Portobelo-San Lorenzo was added to the world heritage endangered list in 2012.
Hatra Al Jazirah (Iraq)
Hatra Al Jazirah is the best-preserved ancient Parthian city to date. Protected by 4 miles of inner and outer walls, this fort was built in the 3rd century BC.
Hatra was the capital of the first Arab Kingdom which was called Beit elāhāʾ or the house of God. However, in 2015, the ISIS group began destroying the ruins of Hatra because it was considered full of idols.
This is the third time ISIS has destroyed ancient artifacts that have become world cultural heritage in September 2015. Besides Assyrian and Hatra, ISIS also destroyed statues from the seventh century in a museum in the city of Mosul.
Leptis Magna (Libya)
Leptis Magna, an ancient Libyan city built in the 7th century by Septimius Severus and is a relic of the Roman Empire which is called the most beautiful in the world. Leptis Magma was built when Septimius Severus was crowned emperor in 193 AD.
Nan Madol (Micronesia)
Nan Madol was formed more than 100 years ago. This mysterious island is about 1,600 miles from Australia and 2,500 miles from Los Angeles, California.
No one in the surrounding islands dared to linger there. The spooky legend of this island has even been written in a story by horror writer H.P. Lovecraft.
Nan Madol is believed to have been around since the 1200s. There, large rocks form the land, which is separated by streams of water. The concept is similar to the canal city in Amsterdam or Venice. However, there are no modern buildings standing. There are stone ruins of former temples or tombs of the past.
Old City (Jerusalem)
Surrounded by ancient walls, the Old City is home to sacred sites such as the Western Wall, the Islamic shrine Dome of the Rock, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which dates back to the 4th century. Shops and markets selling prayer shawls, rosaries, and ceramics fill busy alleys, while food stalls serve falafel, pita, and fresh juices. Set in a medieval fortress, the Tower of David museum preserves the history of the city.
Yemen's capital city Sana'a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Located at an altitude of 2200 m, it is also the highest capital city in the world. According to biblical legend, this city was built by Shem, the son of Noah. This city was formerly called Azal, from Uzal son of Qahtan who was the great-grandson of Shem. Sana'a itself means 'well fortified'.
Old Mosque The old town within the fort has been inhabited for more than 2500 years and contains gems of architectural wealth that are still intact. This section was declared a World Heritage City by the United Nations in 1986, including the samsarah and the 1400-year-old Jami al Kabir Grand Mosque.
The Colosseum of Rome is thousands of years old. But the 2,000-year-old ruins are so evocative that the special effects seem overdone. With a bloody history of gladiators, slaves, prisoners, and wild animals, the Colosseum accommodated 50,000 spectators or more in its heyday.
Later, the Romans used the abandoned arena as an excavation site. The stones of the Colosseum are part of the churches of St. Peter and St. John Lateran. In the summer of 2011, parts of the ruins were completely refurbished, including the crypt which is now open for tours.