The Ancient Wonders Of The World
What we see today is one of the results of masterpieces and artwork living in ancient times. Some of the constructions still stand today which we are amazed at how a remote age without any modern technology and machine could build such a stunning construction. Here are the ten amazing wonders of the Ancient world:
1. Great pyramid of Giza
The great pyramid in Giza is the oldest and largest wonder of the Ancient World. It was constructed around 2,6000 BCE and it is the largest of the three pyramids in El Giza, Egypt. It is also the tallest man-made structure still standing today and exist for more than 4,000 years.
2. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Turkey
This temple of Artemis was built in 550 BCE and is also known today as the Temple of Diana to honor Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt. It was completely rebuilt three times when it was destroyed by a man named Herostratus who set the temple on fire in order for people to remember his name.
3. Statue of Zeus, Greece
The statue of Zeus is a statue made by Greek sculptor Phidia around 435 BCE and is one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World. It is unfortunate that it was destroyed and got lost in an earthquake in the 5th or 6th centuries CE. The only thing left was known only from ancient Greek descriptions and representations on coins.
4. Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq
The hanging Gardens are the only ancient wonders of the world that may have been legendary. The gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BCE as a gift to his wife, Queen Amytis. It was described in the legend that it was a tiered garden that contains trees, shrubs, and vines but later then were destroyed by an earthquake after the 1st century CE. Many experts say it never really existed because it was only told by stories and no evidence of it.
5. Mausoleum ar Halicarnassus, Turkey
When King Mausoleus died in 353 BCE, Artemesia had to rule alone, she decided to build him a beautiful and unique tomb. She then died two years later and her ashes were entombed with King Mausoleus in the building. It was then destroyed by a massive earthquake around the 12th to 15th century and it was left ruined until it was completely removed by the Knights of St. John of Malta in 1494 CE.
6. Colossus of Rhodes, Rhodes
The statue in the city of Rhodes was built to honor the Greek sun-god Helios. It was constructed by Chares of Lindos in 280 BCE to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus. It was the tallest statue in the ancient world before the destruction of an earthquake. However, a historian named Strabo said it remained popular until now even though the statue was ruined from the earthquake.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria, Egypt
This is the first lighthouse that was built in the third century BCE and stood 134 meters high. The lighthouse use mirrors to reflect sunlight for miles out to sea thus the light could be seen 35 miles out to sea. It was the second tallest man-made structure after the pyramids of Giza but unfortunately was damaged by three earthquakes between AD 956 and 1323. Then it was completely gone by another earthquake in AD 1480.