"I feel healthy, but why am I convicted of this disease?" Yes, a sentence that is often spoken by women who initially did not care about this malignant disease. They feel healthy, never even have sex but why they can suffer from this disease?
Let's know more about cervical cancer, find out the symptoms, and how to detect it earlier. Prevent it before it happens is better right, ladies?
1. What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a malignancy that occurs due to the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix (cervix), which is the lowest part of the uterus protruding to the top of the vagina (vagina). Starting from the cervix, the uterus, then reaching the vagina and gradually spread if not given treatment.
2. Causes of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) which is oncogenic (cancer-causing). HPV is a common virus and is easily transmitted through genital skin contact.
The target is the genitals and is classified into two groups, namely HPV causes cancer and low risk HPV. Apparently there are 15 types of HPV that cause cancer that can lead to cervical cancer!
3. Cervical Cancer spreads fast
Cervical cancer often infects and can kill women at productive ages (ages 30-50 years). In the world every two minutes a woman dies of cervical cancer and about 500,000 are diagnosed with cervical cancer and an average of 270,000 deaths each year.
4. Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Most early HPV infections and early-stage cervical cancer take place without causing any symptoms. The symptoms that arise when cervical cancer has experienced prolonged or advanced stage, among others:
Bleeding after sex.
Spontaneous bleeding occurs between regular menstrual periods.
Pain during intercourse.
6. How to detect early cervical cancer
Pap smears or visual inspection of acetic acid (IVA) can detect early cervical cancer in which cell changes can be identified in the cervix.
Regular vaccinations can help reduce the incidence of cervical cancer effectively, compared with no action at all. Vaccination is done with 3 stages of giving the months to-0, 1 or 2, and 6.
7. How to prevent Cervical Cancer
Prevention of a disease can be divided into primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
Primary prevention of cervical cancer is to prevent the occurrence of HPV infection, including: education / counseling / education, healthy lifestyle, including ways to prevent tangles or protect yourself from risk factors and causes.
Secondary prevention is an attempt to find cancer in precancerous conditions by means of early detection or screening with an IVA test.
Tertiary prevention is to reduce morbidity or disability, provide appropriate treatment, appropriate, and as soon as possible.