Personal Computer or PC, is a device which has now become part of our daily lives, most of professions and fields of work can not stopping people to using this machine, and not only limited to hobby by play games, working, even until the criminal actions / cyber crime. Computer arguably has become a staple for most people, to the point that too many negative syndrome arising from excessive computer use. Almost every layers of society today already know and have this electronic machines.
But when the Personal computer market is still in early stage, still very big, and of course the price is very expensive, it is all looked very different from today. Our computer is everything. At the end of the 1970s and 1980’s, buying a computer is a very large investment, reaching the value of thousands of dollars and also determine what kind of software we will run for 7 years. Here are 6 of the most popular computer in history.
TIMEX SINCLAIR 1000
In 1981, Sinclair released a computer whose price includes still arguably “Crazy” in the 30 years thereafter, it is: USD99.95. Timex Sinclair 1000 or also known as the ZX81, has a small size with a BASIC system, it is only 2KB RAM, with 3:25 MHz processor. Although it is considered as slow for standard in 1981’s, but with the price is almost 100 dollars it makes this computer getting a positive assessment of its own, especially for those who have a hobby and would not want to spend a thousand dollars for a PC.
TANDY TRS 80
Radio Shack. Once the company is selling computers with its own brand. And in fact they are getting a great success. In the 1970’s, when the cassette tape (not floppy disk / diskette) on the market as a medium-sized storage media for computers, Tandy put a PC called TRS-80. Thanks to the TRS-80, the name Tandy be as big and popular as IBM or Apple who dominate the PC market in 1980’an.
While the US and European markets dominated by companies such as IBM, Sinclair and Apple, Japan has its own hardware giant in the ’80s. MSX is a unique computer, because the name can be mean stands for Microsoft Extended Basic or Machines with Software Exchangeability are actually related to the number of operating systems are almost the same made by Japanese companies such as Toshiba and Sony.
While MSX popular with common hardware on a standard, PC-98 belonging to NEC reap tremendous success in its own way. Released in 1982, the PC-98 has a 5 MHz Intel 8086 processor on the CPU, plus has two display controllers and 128KB RAM. PC-98 is a powerful personal computer at the time, and NEC dominate the computer market in Japan by 50% of the overall market.
iMac, everyone would have a lot to know about this computer, the iMac is an exception in the case of modern personal computers where no one else is quite unique type or popular enough to compete in the 70’s and 80’s era computer, of course, this is the real purpose of Apple. When they released the iMac in 1998, they show a colorful appearance with the intention to criticize the color of PCs in general are only gray or black. Currently, Apple has switched from candy colors for the iMac, but the features and everything about the iMac remains unchanged. Simple, all-in-one design that incorporates all components of the computer into a monitor, easily removable and portable, easy to use.
Non-Mac computers these days, is basically the IBM PC. Intel-based computers with the Windows operating system that has dominated the market since 1990’s. The IBM PC was released in 1981 with a 4.77MHz Intel 8088 processor and 16KB RAM. IBM Model 5150 is not the last venture companies to enter the personal computer market. They released their expensive computer in 1975. The system is not the fastest, but it has been equipped with 16-bit Intel processor rather than 8-bit processor that is widely used most computers at the time. Although using the new chip, the processor 8088 uses an 8-bit bus, making it compatible with the addition of memory.
IBM PC valuable USD.1.600 for standard configuration, which is quite affordable for a powerful personal computer. Her system is quite popular and the programs created specifically to provide benefits to the IBM PC and maximize the performance of other companies processor 8088. So the other companies try to clones the IBM BIOS and make clone of IBM PC. Within a few years, all x86-based computers that use Intel processors, they are all compatible with IBM PC and virtually identical to the design of IBM. Everything is running MS-DOS operating system and land x86 computer into a de facto standard. There is only one reason why IBM PC did not become the most popular computer ever made, because there are too many companies that make their own version