Leukemia or blood cancer that once considered deadly, now can be treated so that the quality and life expectancy of patients getting bigger. But according to WHO, in 2030 the number of people with leukemia will increase seven times, and 70% occur in developing countries. Here's what you need to know about leukemia.
1. Acute type spread faster.
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) acute leukemia cell growth is faster than others, since the bone marrow no longer produces healthy blood cells.
While the spread of chronic leukemia chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) tends to be slower, because there are still blood cells that function to protect the immune system.
2. Life expectancy of leukemia is now rising.
The study of Leukemia & Lymphoma Society states, for the last five years, the life expectancy of people with cancer has increased fourfold since 1960, ie from 14% to 60% in the period 2004 to 2010.
3. There are some causes factor.
In addition to genetic factors, other factors that cause leukemia are exposure to high radiation or chemicals such as benzene. Although usually attack people over 55 years, did not rule out this disease attacking people who are younger.
4. Symptoms are similar to common disease.
According to a specialist in internal medicine and hematology of medical oncology from Dharmais Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia, Hilman Tadjoedin, the symptoms of leukemia almost resemble common diseases, namely fever, weakness, pale, swollen gums, headaches, bone pain, and decreased body weight. It could not hurt to see a doctor if you experience these things.
5. Can Survive with medication.
One type of leukemia CML, now no longer is a deadly fatal disease you know. In fact, people with CML can live a normal life with tyrosine kinase inhibitors and take drugs regularly. This drug will block the BCR-ABL gene that can double the cancer cells. While still taking the drug, CML patients can survive 15 or 20 years longer.